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Course Code: 
PHIL 152
Course Period: 
Course Type: 
Course Language: 
Course Objectives: 
The general purpose of this course is to introduce some of the main philosophical texts and concepts from the history of philosophy. Aristotelian, Kantian and Nietzschean ethics will be mainly discussed.
Course Content: 

This course is intended to be a general introduction to the major theories, concepts and issues encountered in Aristotelian, Kantian and Nietzschean ethics. It will critically examine compare, contrast and asses philosophical arguments within the context of the various works by these philosophers. Those basic concepts Aristotle discusses in his Nicomachean ethics, such as virtue, action, happiness, pleasure, principle will be discussed, the difference between ethical virtues and virtues of thought will be underlined and the whatness of zoe praktike will be displayed.

We shall look at how Kant “deduces” his categorial imperative mentioned in his Critique of Practical Reason and point out the necessity with which reason demands this practical law.

The class also covers discussions about Nietzschean concepts such as eternal recurrance and amor fati, along with the “human types” of Nietzsche. 

Course Methodology: 
1: Lecture, 2: Question-Answer, 3: Discussion
Course Evaluation Methods: 
A: Exam, B: Experience C: Homework

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Course Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes

Upon the completion of this course a student:

Program Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1.  recognizes and discusses basic problems of the history of philosophy 3,9,7 1,2,3 A,C
2. becomes apt at reading and analyzing philosophical texts. 1,2 1,2,3 A,C
3. discusses thoroughly and questions deeply. 5,7,9 1,2,3 A,C
4. knows basic concepts of Aristotelian philosophy. 5,7,9 1,2,3 A,C
5.  knows basic concepts of Kantian philosophy. 5,7,9 1,2,3 A,C
6.  discusses and analyzes some texts of Nietzsche back and forth. 1,5 1,2,3 A,C
7. recognizes the object of ethics and knows its nature. 1,5 1,2,3 A,C
8. looks for just so much precision in each kind of discourse as the nature of the thing one is concerned with admits. 2 1,2,3 A,C

Course Flow

Week Topics Study Materials
1 Introduction  
2 Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book I –IX

Three types of Friendship (Nicomachean Ethics, Chapters VIII - IX)

3 AristotleNicomachean Ethics, Book II:  pathos, dynamis, heksis, arête; mesotes, hypolepsis, elleipsis.  
4 AristotleNicomachean Ethics, Book III: Willing and unwilling actions; prohairesis, andreia, sophrosyne; Book IV: eleuteria, megaloprepeia, megalopsykhia and other ethical virtues.  
5 AristotleNicomachean Ethics, Book V: dikaiosyne (justice)  
6 Immanuel Kant, Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (Critique of Practical Reason): Deducing the categorical imperative  
7 Immanuel Kant, Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (Critique of Practical Reason): Deducing the categorical imperative  
9 Immanuel Kant, Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (Critique of Practical Reason): Deducing the categorical imperative  
10 Immanuel Kant, Kritik der praktischen Vernunft (Critique of Practical Reason  
11 Nietzsche, KSA 4: Also sprach Zarathustra               
12 Nietzsche,KSA 5: Jenseits von Gut und Böse, Zur Genealogie der Moral

(Beyond Good and Evil, On Genealogy of Morals)            

13 Nietzsche,KSA 5: Jenseits von Gut und Böse, Zur Genealogie der Moral  
14 Nietzsche,KSA 5: Jenseits von Gut und Böse, Zur Genealogie der Moral  
15 FINAL  


Recommended Sources

Additional Resources Aristoteles, Eudemos’a Etik, trans. by Saffet Babur 1st edition. (Ankara: Dost Kitabevi

Yayinlari, 1999).

Aristoteles. Nikomakhos’a Ethik, Çev. S. Babür, Ankara: Bilgesu Yayınları.

Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, tans. By Joe Sachs (Focus Philosophical Library, 2002).

Kant, Immanuel, Kritik der praktischen Vernunft, (Die drei Kritiken, Suhrkamp)

Kant, Immanuel, Pratik Aklın Eleştirisi, Çev. Ioanna Kuçuradi, TFK Yayınları,

Nietzsche, KSA 4: Also sprach Zarathustra

Nietzsche,KSA 5: Jenseits von Gut und Böse, Zur Genealogie der Moral

Nietzsche, On the Genealogy of Morals, trans. By Walter Kaufmann (with R. J. Hollingdale) (Vintage Books Editions, 1989)

Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil: Prelude to a Philosophy of the Future, trans. By Walter Kaufmann 



Mid-terms 1 30
Assignments 2 20
Final Examination 1 50
Total   100
Contribution Of Final Examination To Overall Grade   50
Contribution Of In-Term Studies To Overall Grade   50
Total   100


Course’s Contribution to Program

No Program Learning Outcomes Contribution
1 2 3 4 5  
1 Grasps the fundamental concepts and analytical methods necessary to succeed in academic studies in the field of philosophy.       X    
2 Acquires a versatile critical and analytical approach, and problem-solving, interpretative and argumentative skills necessary for a successful career in philosophy.       X    
3 Communicates effectively, is specifically successful in written and oral presentation, has proper capacities for teamwork and interdisciplinary studies, takes the initiative, has developed a sense of responsibility, contributes original ideas to the field of philosophy, and is loyal to ethical principles.   X        
4 Reaches the perfection of pursuing professional and personal development by using all means of knowledge with a view to lifelong learning.       X    
5 Develops a consciousness of professional and social ethics.         X  
6 Gains the skills of choosing and developing contemporary means required in philosophical applications as well as using computing technologies effectively.     X      
7 Acquires substantial knowledge of the history of philosophy.       X    
8 Learns a classical and at least one modern foreign language so as to read the historical texts of philosophy in the original. X          
9 Pinpoints, recognizes, grasps and discusses the problems of philosophy within their context in the history of philosophy.       X    
10 Develops perfection in reading, understanding and analyzing philosophical texts in different languages.      X      


Activities Quantity Duration


Total Workload
Course Duration (Including the exam week: 15x Total course hours) 15 4 60
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 10 3 30
Mid-terms 1 10 10
Assignments 2 5 10
Final Examination 1 15 15
Total Work Load     125
Total Work Load / 25 (h)     5
ECTS Credit of the Course     5