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Course Code: 
COMM 202
Course Period: 
Course Type: 
Uygulama Saati: 
Prerequisite Courses: 
Course Language: 
Course Objectives: 
This course aims at developing students’ critical awareness of the relationships of media with the world of cultural realm, which necessarily entails a critical look into the interwoven areas of culture, ideology and society; public and private spheres of the social life, urban space and daily life as well as the world system.
Course Content: 

The course outcomes will provide students with the abilities to exercise critical judgment in applied research and with knowledge to discuss media and cultural reproduction; public sphere and culture interactions of media; relationships between technology, culture and socially produced space and time relationships of media, culture and society. Under the topic of Media Analysis, by focusing on cultural issues we will try to understand the ways in which media is seen and criticized by major thinkers of our time in order to develop our analytical skills to read the media and render its relationships on cultural level. The last hour of each week’s course will be reserved for screenings and discussions on the screened material.

Course Methodology: 
1: Lecture, 2: Question-Answer, 3: Discussion
Course Evaluation Methods: 
A: Testing, B: Presentation, C: Homework

Vertical Tabs

Course Learning Outcomes

Learning Outcomes Program  Learning Outcomes Teaching Methods Assessment Methods
1) Evaluates the process of mass media in a historical and social perspective. 1,2,4,9 1,2,3 A,B,C
2) Establishes economic, political and cultural with industrialization, urbanization and media. 1,2,4,9 1,2,3 A,B,C
3) Analyses media and cultural reproduction with practical search and critical information. 1,2,4,9 1,2,3 A,B,C
4) Acknowledges the basic analysis methods based on media and critical approaches and applies to media texts. 1,2,4,9 1,2,3 A,B,C
5) Evaluates the convergent media pattern organizational process and text creation progress by categorizing into steps. 1,2,4,9 1,2,3 A,B,C
6) Has the ability of putting together the elements of the system of media progress as a field of public sphere. 1,2,4,9 1,2,3 A,B,C
7) Classifies, criticizes and compares the dynamics between media, culture and society. 1,2,4,9 1,2,3 A,B,C


Course Flow

Week Topics Study Materials
1 Course policy and requirements. Introduction: Media history and social, political, economic and cultural dynamics of 18th and 19th centuries.  
2 Industrial Revolution and Concept of Mass Communication. Read: Course Notes & Ş. Pamuk
3 Frankfurt School and Cultural Industry Read: T. Adorno

Hand in: Media Diary Homework

4 British Cultural Studies School, Mass Communication and Minority Culture Read: R. Williams
5 British Cultural Studies School, Encoding and Decoding, TV Icons Read: S. Hall
6 Media and the Concept of Classical Public Sphere Read: J. Habermas

Hand in: Media Collage Homework

7 Media and Criticism of Classical Public Sphere, Broadcast Discussion Shows Read: O. Negt & A. Kluge

N. Fraser

8 Discussion  
9 Midterm Exam  
10 Technology, Media and Society Read: J. Ballard
11 Electronic Culture and Cyber Space Read: P. Virilio
12 Bakhtin and Film Studies Read: R. Stam
13 Simulacra, Hyper-Reality and Meaning-Making Processes Read: J. Baudrillard
14 Modernism, Post Modernism and Media Read: J. Lewis
15 Globalization, New Communication Technologies, Alternative Media Read: W. L. Bennett
16 Presentation of Media Analysis Projects and General Review Hand in: Projects


Recommended Sources

Textbook Screenings:
  • Manufacturing Consent- Noam Chomsky and the Media (1993), dir. Mark Achbar & Peter Wintonick
  • Orwell Rolls in His Grave (2004), dir. Robert Kane Pappas
  • Control Room (2003), dir. Jehane Noujaim
  • Howard Zinn- You Can’t Be Neutral on a Moving Train (2004), dir. Deb Ellis & Denis Meuller
  • Outfoxed- Rupert Murdoch’s War on Journalism (2004), dir. Robert Greenwald
  • All The President’s Men (1976), dir. Alan J. Pakula
  • Under Fire (1983), dir. Roger Spottiswoode
  • Salvador (1986), dir. Oliver Stone
  • The Paper (1994), dir. Ron Howard
  • 15 Minutes (2001), dir. John Herzfeld
  • Good Night, and Good Luck (2005), dir. George Clooney


  • Şevket Pamuk, “19. Yüzyılda Dünya Kapitalizmine Açılış”, in 100 Soruda Osmanlı-Türkiye İktisat Tarihi, İstanbul: Gerçek Yayınevi, 1988 pp., 184-235
  • T. W. Adorno, “Culture Industry reconsidered”, in P. Marris & Thornham (eds),  Media Studies: A Reader, Edinburgh: EUP, 1996, pp: 24- 29.
  • J.G. Ballard, “Introduction to Crash”, RE/Search, #:8/9, 1984, pp: 96-98.
  • B. Brecht, “The radio as an Apparatus of Communication” in John Willet (ed&trns), Brecht on Theatre, New York: Hill & Wang, 1974, pp:51-53.
  • S. Hall, “Encoding/ Decoding”, in P. Marris & Thornham (eds),  Media Studies: A Reader, Edinburgh: EUP, 1996, pp: 41- 49.
  • J. Habermas, “The Public Sphere”, in P. Marris & Thornham (eds), Media Studies: A Reader, Edinburgh: EUP, 1996, pp: 55- 59.

-    Oskar Negt, Alexander Kluge, Public Sphere and Experience: Toward an Analysis of the Bourgeois and Proletarian Public Sphere (Theory and History of Literature),
University of Minnesota Press, 1993.

-    Nancy Fraser, “Rethinking the Public Sphere: A Contribution to the Critique of Actually Existing Democracy”, Social Text, No. 25/26, Duke University Press, 1990, pp. 56-80. 

-   Robert Stam, Subversive Pleasures: Bakhtin, Cultural Criticism, and Film Johns Hopkins University Press, 1992.

  • J. Lewis, “Postmodernism and Beyond” in Cultural Studies: The Basics, London & New York: Sage Pub., 2002, pp. 215-239.

-   Jean Baudrillard, “The implosion of meaning in the media”, in the Shadow of the Silent Majorities, transl. P Foss, P Pat- ton, J Johnston, pp. 95-110. New York: Semiotext(e) 1983.

-    W. Lance Bennett, “New Media Power: The Internet and Global Activism” in Contesting Media  Power,  ed. Nick Couldry and James Curran, Rowman and Littlefield, 2003.

  • R. Williams, Mass Communication and Minority Culture”, in ”, in P. Marris & Thornham (eds), Media Studies: A Reader, Edinburgh: EUP, 1996, pp: 35- 40.
  • P. Virilio, “The Overexposed City” in P Virilio, Lost Dimension (trans: D. Moskenberg), New York: Semiotext[e], 1991, pp: 9-27.
Additional Resources
  • Necmi Zeka, (der &sun), Jameson, Lyıtard, Habermas: Postmodernizm, İst: Kıyı, 1990, 1994

-    Gülnur Savran, ‘Postmodernizm: Yepyeni Bir Evre mi, Bir     Eğilimin Mutlaklaşması mı?’, Defter, Kış 1999, #:38.


Material Sharing

Documents Articles: Course reader, Books: Knowledge Centre, Documentaries
  1. Media Diary
  2. Media Collage
  3. Media Analysis Project
Exams Open Book, Discussion Based



Mid-terms 1 55
Presentation 1 15
Assignment 3 30
Total   100
Total   100


Course’s Contribution to Program

No Program Learning Outcomes Contribution
1 2 3 4 5  
1 She/he has theoretical knowledge about the field of public relations         X  
2 She/he knows the research methods and technics that are related to the field of public relations.         X  
3 She/he has knowledge and awareness about the interdisciplinary issues that are required by the field. He/she comprehends the relation of those issues with public relations.         X  
4 She/he is able to make oral presentations in English about her/his field.   X        
5 She/has the digital competencies that are required by the field.       X    
6 She/has the ability of creative thinking that are required by the field of public relations.     X      
7 She/he has the abilities of research, planning, implementation, measurement and assessments that are necessary for a successful public relations practice. X          
8 She/he evaluates and applies the knowledge and abilities she/he has acquired in her/his field to partner organizations in the sector through teamwork.  X          
9 She/he is able to evaluate the knowledge and abilities she/he has acquired in her/his field from an analytical and critical perspective.   X        
10 She/he has the awareness of practicing and developing the profession of public relations by adhering to ethical rules.     X      



Activities Quantity Duration
Course Duration 15 3 45
Hours for off-the-classroom study (Pre-study, practice) 16 3 48
Mid-terms 1 5 5
Presentation 1 5 5
Homework 3 3 9
Final examination 1 10 10
Total Work Load     122
Total Work Load / 25 (h)     4.88
ECTS Credit of the Course     5